James Lovelock, Creator of Gaia Theory, Dies at Age 103

British scientist James Lovelock, who created the famed Gaia theory, died at the age of 103 on July 26.

Lovelock’s family said in a statement on July 27 that the influential climate scientist died at his home in Dorset, southwest England on his 103rd birthday due to complications from a fall earlier this year.

“To the world, he was best known as a scientific pioneer, climate prophet, and conceiver of the Gaia theory. To us, he was a loving husband and wonderful father with a boundless sense of curiosity, a mischievous sense of humor, and a passion for nature,” Lovelock’s family said.

Mary Archer, chair of the Science Museum Group’s board of trustees, said that Lovelock was “arguably the most important independent scientist of the last century.”

Lovelock’s 1960s Gaia theory posits that Earth was one huge interconnected and self-regulating system and it now makes up the basis of much of climate science and the growing green movement.

Lovelock had warned that climate change would be a tipping point for the Earth.

However, his support for nuclear energy and fracking drew criticism from other environmentalists.

Lovelock is survived by his wife Sandra, his daughters Christine and Jane, and his sons Andrew and John.

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