Haiti 400 Mawozo Gang Leader Extradited to U.S.

The leader of 400 Mawozo, one of the most powerful gangs in Haiti, was extradited to the United States on May 3 for smuggling weapons and kidnapping U.S. citizens.

The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) transported Germine Joly, also known as “Yonyon,” on a plane to Washington, Haitian authorities said.

Joly had already been in jail in Haiti for several years before his extradition.

The U.S. charged Joly with important weapons and kidnapping and ransom of U.S. citizens, Haiti’s National Police said.

The gang, which Joly had continued to lead from his cell, kidnapped 17 North American missionaries and their relatives, including five children, in October and demanded a $1 million ransom to be paid.

The FBI had issued an international warrant for Joly’s arrest at the end of April.

The gang also kidnapped Dominican diplomat Carlos Guillén and demanded a $500,000 ransom since April 29, media from the Dominican Republic reported.

For several years, the gang has controlled a highly strategic area, including the only road to the country’s north and the only land route between Port-au-Prince and the Dominican Republic.

Hundreds of families have been forced to flee the area and at least 20 civilians were killed, according to Haitian authorities.

In recent weeks, Haitian security forces have launched a major operation that has led to the deaths and arrests of many members of the gang.


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