Amnesty International has accused Russia on Tuesday of committing war crimes in the Ukrainian port city of Mariupol.
Amnesty’s Secretary-General Agnes Callamard said in a press conference in Johannesburg that the human rights organization would soon release an in-depth report on the devastation of Mariupol as a result of Russia’s assault.
“The siege of Mariupol, the denial of humanitarian evacuation and humanitarian escape for the population, and the targeting of civilians, according to Amnesty International’s investigation, amounts to war crimes. That is the reality of Ukraine right now,” Callamard said.
“The crisis in Ukraine right now, the invasion … is not just any kind of violation of international law. It is an aggression. It is a violation of the U.N. charter of the kind that we saw when the U.S. invaded Iraq,” Callamard added.
Amnesty’s annual report also included 2021 armed conflicts in Africa, which affected millions of civilians.
According to Amnesty, African countries like Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Ethiopia, and Mali, have committed war crimes and other serious violations of international human rights law.
The report said 2021 also saw continued attacks on journalists, activists, and human rights defenders, with some governments using COVID-19 regulations to suppress protests.
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