The United Kingdom, the United States, and Australia have agreed to a landmark security partnership on Sept. 15 to share advanced technologies, including a nuclear-powered submarine, to boost defenses in the Indo-Pacific region.
Under the partnership called AUKUS, the three nations will collaborate and deploy nuclear-powered submarines for Australia as its first initiative to promote stability in the Indo-Pacific.
However, the submarines will not be nuclear-armed as the three countries are all non-nuclear weapons states. They also said that the collaboration on nuclear technology would be in line with nuclear-related treaties.
The three allies did not say how exactly the collaboration will work, how many submarines will be built, which companies will be involved, and how much they will cost.
The collaboration is expected to take 18 months, the governments said.
The governments also said that the trilateral partnership will focus on cyber capabilities, artificial intelligence, quantum technologies, and undersea capabilities.
Citing the UK’s Integrated Review of Security, Defense, Development and Foreign Policy, the UK said that the Indo-Pacific is “on the frontline of new security challenges” as it faces unresolved territorial disputes, nuclear proliferation, climate change, and terrorism.
“This partnership will become increasingly vital for defending our interests in the Indo-Pacific region and, by extension, protecting our people back at home,” Prime Minister Boris Johnson said in a statement.
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